In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) treatment is a ray of hope for childless couples. Worldwide millions of people are benefitted from IVF treatment and other assisted reproductive technology.
The advancement in the field of medicine has made IVF treatment possible. It involves commitment and persistence. To know more about Test tube baby treatment for infertility read on further.
What is IVF?
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) means ‘fertilization in a petri dish’ is one of the main segments of the test-tube baby process. In the IVF process, the female eggs (oocyte) are taken from ovaries and sperms from the male partner are collected.
The eggs are fertilized with the sperms in the laboratory. Then the resultant embryo (fertilized egg) is implanted in the woman’s uterus to achieve pregnancy. This process is associated with a much higher success rate for pregnancy.
There are two types of IVF cycles, the donor IVF cycle, and self IVF cycle. The self IVF cycle involves the use of the patient’s own eggs and sperms without the involvement of donor sperm or egg.
How is IVF performed?
The IVF cycle is a multi-step process. It involves a number of steps starting from the first day of your period until the successful achievement of pregnancy.
Step I: Stimulation
Stimulation is the initial step of the IVF cycle. It starts from first day of your periods. Your ovaries produce only one egg in a natural monthly cycle. For fertilization sufficient eggs are required as some of the eggs won’t develop. Hence, medications are prescribed to stimulate ovulation. The ovaries are monitored through transvaginal ultrasound and hormonal levels are examined by blood tests.
Step II: Egg Retrieval
Mature eggs are recovered with the help of hollow needle under light sedation to reduce pain. This is a minor procedure and lasts for 15-20 minutes.
Step III: Egg and Sperm Fertilization
The male sperm is combined with high quality eggs. The egg and sperm are incubated in a petri-plate to achieve fertilization. This process is known as insemination. The sperm fertilizes an egg within a few hours after insemination.
Step IV: Embryo Culture
A fertilized egg divides and develops into an embryo. The embryo is regularly monitored to ensure that it is developing properly. After three to five days, the normal embryo develops into a matured embryo.
Step V: Embryo Transfer
It is the final step of the IVF cycle which involves selection of the most suitable embryo for transfer. The embryo is transferred into the female’s uterus with the help of a catheter. This process doesn’t require any anaesthesia.
Who is eligible for IVF?
The supreme advantage of IVF is achieving a successful pregnancy and having a healthy baby. IVF can turn this into reality for many people who are unable to have a child due to the following conditions:
- Male infertility:Couple with male infertility issues has higher chances of conceiving through IVF rather than conceiving naturally. At Iris IVF centre, there are a number of laboratory techniques such as Intra-Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) which helps in successful conception.
- Blocked Fallopian tubes:IVF provides the best opportunity for having own child in women with blocked or damaged fallopian tubes. For older or low ovarian reserve women; The chances of conception can be maximized in older patients with the use of IVF. At Iris IVF centre, we have an extraordinary experience with older women and those with low ovarian reserve.
- Endometriosis:It is the condition wherein the womb lining is present outside the womb. IVF has been proved successful in this group.
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS):PCOS results from hormonal imbalance leading to irregular menses. PCOS is one of the major causes of infertility in females. With proper fertility treatment, this issue can be solved.
- Premature ovarian failure:Women with premature ovarian failure or menopause can opt for IVF treatment. The IVF treatment using donor eggs has higher success rates in such cases.
- Unexplained infertility:Sometimes the cause of infertility remains undiagnosed even after proper investigations. These patients can be benefitted from IVF treatments.
- Women who are unable to produce healthy eggs and don’t want to use a donor.
- Women who are above the age of 40, it becomes difficult to achieve a successful IVF cycle.
- Women suffering from serious health disorders such as fibroid tumors, uterine abnormality, ovarian dysfunction, etc.
- Many infertility treatments can be less effective in severely obese women. High BMI can affect egg quality and fertility medications may act differently in obese patients. But obesity is not a barrier in every case.