Are you curious about the distinction between Gynecology and Obstetrics? Let’s discuss the differences between these two crucial medical specialties catering to women’s reproductive health. Obstetricians and gynecologists are essential foundations that collaborate to serve women at different phases of their reproductive journeys.

Gynecologists specialize with the overall health of the female reproductive system. They provide preventive tests such as Pap smears and pelvic exams to ensure women maintain optimal reproductive health, from treating monthly irregularities to detecting complicated diseases such as endometriosis or infertility.

Obstetricians, on the other hand, specialize in pregnancy care, childbirth, and postpartum health. They supervise prenatal care, manage pregnancies, and ensure the mother’s and developing fetus’s well-being. Obstetricians perform the appropriate interventions, whether vaginal or cesarean deliveries, in the event of difficulties.

Dr. Mohit Saraogi, a renowned obstetrician and gynecologist in Mumbai, outlines the differences between these disciplines, emphasizing the need of seeking the proper healthcare practitioner at the right time.

Obstetrics and Gynecology are two medical areas of expertise that specialize in treating women’s reproductive health and are closely related. Both fields focus on diagnosing, treating, and preventing illnesses and diseases affecting the female reproductive system, including the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, and cervix.

Gynecology and obstetrics work closely together to benefit women’s overall health and happiness. These medical professions provide a wide range of services and treatments to assist women in their reproductive health.

Gynecologist vs Obstetrician – Choosing the right the doctor

“Gynecologists and Obstetricians primarily focus on preserving excellent reproductive health of women,” says Dr. Mohit Saraogi, a renowned gynecologist & obstetrician in Mumbai. “Their expertise encompasses managing pregnancy and childbirth and addressing any health issues relating to the female reproductive system.”

Obstetrics vs Gynecology – The Primary difference

If Gynecology and obstetrics both deal with women’s reproductive health, what is the difference between obstetricians and gynecologists? Let us find out!

Gynecology is a medical specialty that focuses on the overall health of the female reproductive system. This includes diagnosing and treating diseases like STIs, infertility, and menstruation abnormalities. Gynecologists also administer standard check-ups, including pap smears and breast exams, to ensure women maintain good reproductive health.

On the other hand, the main focus of obstetrics is the treatment of women throughout pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period. Obstetricians provide prenatal care, delivery management, and postpartum care in addition to assuring the mother’s and the baby’s health and safety during pregnancy and childbirth.

“Pregnancy and reproductive health are related,” adds obstetrician-gynecologist Dr. Mohit Saraogi, “however, they are distinct concepts.”

Gynaecologist vs Obstetrician – The Differences

Gynaecologist Obstetrician
Specialize in the female reproductive system, including the vagina, ovaries, and uterus Specialize in providing care for expectant mothers and their unborn children
Diagnose and treat problems affecting the female reproductive system, such as endometriosis, infertility, and cervical cancer give pregnant people prenatal care, keep track of fetal growth, and help with childbirth
Perform procedures like colposcopies, Pap smears, and pelvic exams to screen for and detect troublesome conditions Explain birth control options and discuss family planning services
Manage high-risk pregnancies and potential delivery complications Assist with childbirth, be it vaginal deliveries or cesarean sections (C-sections) if necessary
May carry out procedures like tubal ligations, laparoscopies, and hysterectomies Work together with other medical specialists to protect the well-being and security of the mother and child during childbirth, including anesthesiologists, neonatologists, and perinatologists
May provide care for women during menopause and various other phases of life Can give mother and child postpartum care following childbirth, such as support with breastfeeding and postpartum check-ups.

Gynecologists also frequently practice obstetrics, as the two specialties are intimately related to women’s health.

Obstetrician vs Gynecologist – The Commonalities

Obstetricians and gynecologists are medical professionals focusing on supervising and caring for women’s reproductive health. Both careers require the successful completion of medical school and an obstetrics and gynecology residency.

Both professions require extensive surgical skills for treatments involving the female reproductive system, such as C-sections, hysterectomies, and other surgeries. They frequently collaborate to offer complete care for women during pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum recovery and identify and manage problems in the reproductive system.

Dr. Mohit Saraogi is a respected obstetrician-gynecologist (OB-GYN) trained in gynecology and obstetrics and provides care for pregnant and non-pregnant patients.

How will you know who will assist during your time of need? Read on to find out…

Who should meet a gynecologist, and who should meet an obstetrician

You must consult a Gynecologist if you are a woman who:

  • needs routine reproductive healthcare, like breast exams, Pap tests, and birth control counselling
  • needs diagnosis and treatment of a gynecological condition, like uterine fibroids, ovarian cysts, and endometriosis
  • requires help managing symptoms related to menstruation, including cramps, irregular periods, and heavy bleeding
  • is experiencing menopausal symptoms, such as night sweats, hot flashes, and vaginal dryness
  • is worried about your sexual health, including STIs (sexually transmitted infections) and sexual dysfunction

You must consult an Obstetrician if you are a woman who:

  • is pregnant or planning to conceive and needs prenatal care. Prenatal care includes regular check-ups, ultrasounds, and managing complications that could arise during pregnancy.
  • needs help managing pregnancy-related conditions like high blood pressure, gestational diabetes, and pre-eclampsia
  • needs assistance with labor and delivery, both vaginal delivery and C-section
  • requires postpartum care, like monitoring for complications, lactation support, and contraception counselling.
  • has had a pregnancy loss or has difficulty getting pregnant

Standard procedures that gynecologists and obstetricians frequently carry out:


  • Pap smear test that involves removing cells from the cervix to be examined under a microscope for traces of cervical cancer
  • Pelvic exam that consists in looking around the uterus, ovaries, and vagina for any anomalies or indications of infection
  • Colposcopy in which the cervix is examined under a specialized microscope for anomalies or indications of malignancy
  • Hysteroscopy, during which a small, illuminated tube is used to look for anomalies inside the uterus or to perform surgery
  • Laparoscopy involves doing surgery and viewing the abdomen and pelvic organs with a tiny, lit camera


  • Prenatal care, including routine check-ups, ultrasounds, and tests to keep track of the mother’s and developing fetus’s health during pregnancy
  • Delivery options include vaginal delivery or C-section, depending on the mother’s and the baby’s health
  • Electronic fetal monitoring to check on the baby’s health and well-being during labor and delivery
  • Episiotomy surgery, if required to enlarge the vaginal opening during childbirth
  • Postpartum care which includes monitoring the health of mother and child, detecting and managing postpartum problems, nursing assistance, and contraception counselling

Proficient OB-GYN Dr. Mohit Saraogi says, “These are only a few instances of typical procedures; gynecologists and obstetricians may carry out a variety of other procedures based on their patient’s needs.”

Dr. Mohit Saraogi has helped many pregnant and non-pregnant women with various medical conditions, including infertility. He is frequently regarded as the Best Obstetrician in Mumbai.

Pregnancy vs. Reproductive Health

Pregnancy Vs. Reproductive health

The term “pregnancy” explicitly refers to the condition of being pregnant, which is the time frame during which a fertilized egg develops into a fetus in a woman’s uterus. A woman’s body undergoes several hormonal and physical modifications during pregnancy, which span roughly 40 weeks.

reproductive health

Contrarily, “reproductive health” refers to a broader notion covering various topics linked to sexual and reproductive health, such as fertility, contraception, STIs, mother and child health, and access to reproductive healthcare services. It describes the social, psychological, and physical health associated with the reproductive system.

While pregnancy is one aspect of reproductive health, many other elements affect people’s overall health and the health of their communities. They include having access to thorough sexual education, affordable and safe contraception, STI management and prevention, safe and legal access to abortion services, and assistance with maternal and child health.

“While reproductive health refers to a wider variety of difficulties relating to sexual and reproductive well-being, pregnancy refers to the condition of carrying a developing fetus in the uterus,” explains Dr. Mohit Saraogi.

With over 13 years of expertise in the IVF field, Dr. Mohit Saraogi is often called the Best Gynecologist in Mumbai.


Q. When should I see an OB/GYN?

A. Women should see an OB/GYN for routine check-ups, preventive care, and diagnosing and treating reproductive system diseases. Women should consider visiting a gynecologist for the first time between the ages of 13 and 15 or when they first start having sexual relations. This should be followed by yearly or biannual check-ups. A woman should visit an obstetrician when she becomes pregnant or intends to become pregnant.

Q. Why do physiotherapy students have to study obstetrics and gynecology?

A. For physiotherapy students, obstetrics and gynecology are crucial areas of study because they teach about the female reproductive system, its functioning, and how it interacts with the musculoskeletal system. Women with pelvic-related illnesses such as pelvic pain, incontinence, and pelvic floor disorders can receive better care from physiotherapists knowledgeable in obstetrics and gynecology.